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Monument to the Ghetto Heroes

Monument to the Ghetto Heroes

[pl] Aleja Niepodległości 208
Aleje Jerozolimskie 37
Aleje Ujazdowskie
Stone of Operation Arsenal (Akcja pod Arsenałem)
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Czata”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Gozdawa”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Gozdawa”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Miłosz”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Miotła” (Broom)
Memorial Stone of General Anders’s Battalion “Wigry”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Zaremba-Piorun”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Zośka”
Memorial Stone of the Brotherhood of the Arms
Memorial Stone of General Maczek
Combat group ‘Krybar’ Memorial Stone
Jerzy Gawin’s memorial stone
Memorial Stone of Katyń
Memorial Stone of the 3rd May Constitution
[pl] Kamień Pamięci Monte Cassino
Memorial Stone of the Defenders of the Power Station
Memorial Stone of Victims of Stalinism
Memorial Stone of the November Uprising
Memorial Stone of the Council for Helping Jews
 Memorial Stone of Fights for the Vistula River and its Abutments
Memorial Stone of the ‘’Ruczaj” Group
Memorial Stone and tribute to Slovaks
Stone of the Group “Bartkiewicz”
Old-Town fortifications
Memorial Place of the Fallen Soldiers of the General Jozef Bem Suligowski’s troops
Place of the Polish fight for the freedom of their homeland
Ogród Saski
Park Agrykola
Commemorative tablet to the Poles and the Warsaw inhabitants killed in the Second World War
Mordechaj Anielewicz Monument- Mound
Monument to the Battle of Monte Cassino
Monument to the Ghetto Heroes
Monument to the Heroes of Warsaw “Nike”
Monument to the Polish Underground Weapon
Jan Kiliński’s Monument
Józef Piłsudski’s Monument
Priest Józef Stanek’s Statue
Monument in Memory of the Fallen Polish Pilots in the Second World War
The Little Insurrectionist’s Monument
Monument to the Teachers of Secret Teaching
Statue of the Victims of The Tank Trap
Monument to the Victims of Simons’ Passage
Partisan’s Monument
Monument to the Fallen and Murdered in the East
Statue of the Czerniaków Rebelians and Soldiers of the First Polish Army
Monument of Warsaw Insurgents
Roman Dmowski’s Monument
Stefan Rowecki’s “GROT” Monument
Tadeusz Kościuszko’s Monument
Monument of the Soldier of the First Army of the Polish Army
Rynek Solecki
Commemorative tablet of the victorious return of troops from the war of 1920
Factory of the Explosives ‘Kinga’ Memory Board
Commemorative board to the action at Wende’s Pharmacy
Andersa Street
ul. Dobra 96
ul. Emilii Plater 15
ul. Kościelna
[pl] ul. Marszałkowska 136
ul. Nowy Zjazd 1
ul. Piękna 17
ul. Przechodnia
ul. Solec 41
ul. Solidarności 83
ul. Solidarności 85

Monument to the Ghetto Heroes (Bohaterów Getta Street, from Zamenhof’s Street)

On April 19th 1943, a revolt broke out in the warsaw ghetto, taken by several hundred fighters of the Jewish Fighting Organization and the Jewish Military Union with Mordechaj Anielewicz at the head. It was a reaction to Heinrich Himmler’s order about the beginning of the liquidation of the ghetto. From a strategic and military point of view, there was no chance of success for the fighters. However, it was the Jews’ response to the cruelty and genocide of the Germans and for the Jewish people is a very important and symbolic event. On May 16th 1943, Germany announced the suppression of the uprising. Its participants were murdered at the spot, or taken to extermination camps. The area of ​​the Jewish district was levelled to the ground.

The first monument that stood at the battle site is an inconspicuous monument designed by Leon Suzin. It was unveiled on April 16th1946. It consists of two parts: a plaque with Polish, Hebrew and Yiddish inscription: “For those who fell in an unprecedented heroic struggle for the dignity and freedom of the Jewish nation, for a free Poland, for the liberation of man – Jews and Poles” and a plaque in a shape of a circle, with the metal palm – a symbol of martyrdom, and  a Hebrew letter “B”, symbolizing the first expression of the Book of Genesis.

The second monumental monument sculpted by Nathan Rappaport with Leon Suzin’s architectural design, was unveiled on April 19th 1948, the fifth anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. The monument refers to the form of the ghetto walls, the Jerusalem Wall of Wailing, and the Communards’ Wall from the Père-Lachaise cemetery in Paris. The central point of the 11-meter high monument is the relief, showing insurgents armed with Molotov cocktails, guns and grenades. The central standing figure of this frieze is that of Mordechai Anielewicz, the leader of the uprising, holding a grenade in his left hand. Fighters are surrounded by flames, symbolizing the burning ghetto. Bas relief is called “Fight”. On the monument on the east side there is a second relief with the symbolic title “The March to Extermination”. Two bronze menors are set before the monument. The Swedish stone labrador was used to make the monument. In 1942, the stone was ordered by the Minister of Economy of the Third Reich as a material for the construction of Hitler’s victory monuments.

This place witnessed the symbolic gesture of Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, Willy Brandt, during a visit to Warsaw on December 7th 1970. He unexpectedly knelt down on the steps of the monument, bowed his head and was continuing for a moment in thought. The German journalist Hermann Schreiber described this gesture as: “If this non-religious, non-criminal, absent-minded man, made his own way through the former ghetto in Warsaw and knelt down there – he would not kneel there for a personal reason. The one who does not have to do this is kneeling, for all those who have to, but do not kneel – because they will not dare or they can’t, or they aren’t able to do or do not want to dare. He therefore confesses to a fault that does not burden him, and asks for forgiveness, which he does not need himself. He is kneeling for Germany. “