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Stefan Rowecki’s “GROT” Monument

Stefan Rowecki’s “GROT” Monument

[pl] Aleja Niepodległości 208
Aleje Jerozolimskie 37
Aleje Ujazdowskie
Stone of Operation Arsenal (Akcja pod Arsenałem)
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Czata”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Gozdawa”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Gozdawa”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Miłosz”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Miotła” (Broom)
Memorial Stone of General Anders’s Battalion “Wigry”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Zaremba-Piorun”
Memorial Stone of the Battalion “Zośka”
Memorial Stone of the Brotherhood of the Arms
Memorial Stone of General Maczek
Combat group ‘Krybar’ Memorial Stone
Jerzy Gawin’s memorial stone
Memorial Stone of Katyń
Memorial Stone of the 3rd May Constitution
[pl] Kamień Pamięci Monte Cassino
Memorial Stone of the Defenders of the Power Station
Memorial Stone of Victims of Stalinism
Memorial Stone of the November Uprising
Memorial Stone of the Council for Helping Jews
 Memorial Stone of Fights for the Vistula River and its Abutments
Memorial Stone of the ‘’Ruczaj” Group
Memorial Stone and tribute to Slovaks
Stone of the Group “Bartkiewicz”
Old-Town fortifications
Memorial Place of the Fallen Soldiers of the General Jozef Bem Suligowski’s troops
Place of the Polish fight for the freedom of their homeland
Ogród Saski
Park Agrykola
Commemorative tablet to the Poles and the Warsaw inhabitants killed in the Second World War
Mordechaj Anielewicz Monument- Mound
Monument to the Battle of Monte Cassino
Monument to the Ghetto Heroes
Monument to the Heroes of Warsaw “Nike”
Monument to the Polish Underground Weapon
Jan Kiliński’s Monument
Józef Piłsudski’s Monument
Priest Józef Stanek’s Statue
Monument in Memory of the Fallen Polish Pilots in the Second World War
The Little Insurrectionist’s Monument
Monument to the Teachers of Secret Teaching
Statue of the Victims of The Tank Trap
Monument to the Victims of Simons’ Passage
Partisan’s Monument
Monument to the Fallen and Murdered in the East
Statue of the Czerniaków Rebelians and Soldiers of the First Polish Army
Monument of Warsaw Insurgents
Roman Dmowski’s Monument
Stefan Rowecki’s “GROT” Monument
Tadeusz Kościuszko’s Monument
Monument of the Soldier of the First Army of the Polish Army
Rynek Solecki
Commemorative tablet of the victorious return of troops from the war of 1920
Factory of the Explosives ‘Kinga’ Memory Board
Commemorative board to the action at Wende’s Pharmacy
Andersa Street
ul. Dobra 96
ul. Emilii Plater 15
ul. Kościelna
[pl] ul. Marszałkowska 136
ul. Nowy Zjazd 1
ul. Piękna 17
ul. Przechodnia
ul. Solec 41
ul. Solidarności 83
ul. Solidarności 85

Stefan Rowecki’s “GROT” Monument (Chopin’s Street, the corner of Aleje Ujazdowskie)

General Stefan Rowecki “Grot” (1895-1944) was the creator and commander of the Home Army (Armia Krajowa),
an underground Polish army in the occupied country. It is the most important person in the hierarchy of the Polish conspiracy. He fought in the Polish Legions, he was one of the youngest officers of the 1st Brigade under Józef Piłsudski’s command. He went through the entire route of legionary battles – from the lands of Polish Kingdom to Wołyń. In November 1918, he joined the reborn Polish Army and participated in the fights against the Bolsheviks. After regaining independence, inter alia, he was the commander of the infantry regiment in Leszno and later the “Podole” Brigade, the elite Border Protection Corps. In September 1939, he commanded the Warsaw Armoured Motorized Brigade. He did not surrender after the lost campaign, he continued the fight in the military conspiracy.
At the beginning of October 1939, he became the chief of staff and deputy commander of the Polish Victory Service (Służba Zwycięstwu Polsce). Since June 1940, he was the Chief Commander of the Armed Struggle Union (Związek Walki Zbrojnej). It was on his initiative to merge the most important underground organizations in the country into one underground army – the Home Army (Armia Krajowa). On February 14th, 1942, he became its Chief Commander and was until he was arrested by the Gestapo in 1943. He was killed by Germans after the outbreak
of the Warsaw Uprising but the circumstances of his death are unknown to this day. No General’s  burial place nor direct killers were established. During the investigation, Institute of National Remembrance (IPN) historians and prosecutors have determined that General Stefan Rowecki was assassinated by the order of SS commander Heinrich Himmler just after the outbreak of the Warsaw Uprising between 2nd and 7th August, 1944. The execution probably happened in the German concentration camp Sachsenhausen. The murder done to the general’s officer was one of exceptional circumstances. According to historians, the reason for this vengeance is that General Rowecki refused to cooperate with the Germans and did not appeal the Home Army to stop fighting with them.

For his participation in the struggle for independence of Poland and the command of the Home Army, General Stefan Rowecki was decorated with many of the highest Polish military  decorations. Such as: Virtuti Militari Cross of the fourth and fifth grade, Cross of Independence, Cross of Valour (nine times), Polonia Restituta – Officer’s Cross, Gold Cross of Merit.

The statue designed by Zbigniew Mikielewicz and Przemysław Dudziak was unveiled on June 11th, 2006. It was created on the initiative of the World Union of Home Army Soldiers.